Coronavirus disease: How to be safe

Coronavirus tips

Coronavirus is a highly infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.


Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment.  Older people and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illnesses.

The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is to be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes, and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol-based rub frequently and not touching your face. 

The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).

At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments. WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings become available.

Basic protective measure against coronavirus: Coronavirus precautions


Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website, and through your national and local public health authority. Most people who become infected experience mild illness and recover, but it can be more severe for others. Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:



  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick. Maintain at least three feet distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then dispose of the tissue safely.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently-touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.




  • Wearing a mask is not necessary unless you are taking care of an infected person. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) does recommend that only infected people wear masks to prevent the spread of the virus.




  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom, before eating, and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
  • soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash hands with soap and water when hands are visibly dirty.
  • If you have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.
  • Keep in mind the travel advisory set out by the Ministry of Health and Welfare


  • The source is taken from https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus#tab=tab_1


    Coronavirus tips: How to handle groceries during the pandemic

    A Rutgers University professor shared how to handle groceries safely at home during the coronavirus pandemic.

    If concerned about the outside of food packages being contaminated, wash or sanitize hands before eating the contents, suggested Donald W. Schaffner, a distinguished professor in the School of Environmental and Biological Sciences' Department of Food Science.
     "And guess what?" Schaffner said in a statement. "Washing your hands before you eat is a best practice even when we’re not in a pandemic. 

    "Soap should absolutely not be used to wash food,” he continued. “It’s not designed for that. Soap can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea if ingested. Current recommendations by scientific experts, including the FDA and USDA, say to wash fresh fruits and vegetables in cold water.”


    Another important bit of advice to consider is whether it’s appropriate to even go to the grocery store at all, Schaffner said.

    According to the CDC, older adults and people of any age with serious underlying medical conditions might be at higher risk for severe illness from COVID-19. Schaffner suggested they use a shopping service or having a family member or neighbor do shop while practicing appropriate social distancing when receiving groceries.

    “For people going to grocery stores, many are offering hand sanitizers at the entrance and are offering to sanitize grocery carts," Schaffner said. "I think these are two great ideas, and customers should take advantage of both of them.

    "My other advice is to make a list, so you know what you want," he continued. "Keep moving and get out of the way as you move through the store picking out the items on your list. Practice appropriate social distancing, trying your best to keep 6 feet away from other shoppers. If there is a hand sanitizer available, I use it when I’m exiting the store, and then I'll use it again at home once I finish putting all my groceries away and returning my reusable shopping bags to the car.”

    It’s a best practice even before the pandemic to wash your reusable bags on a regular basis, Schaffner said.  

    While it’s theoretically possible that a reusable bag may pick up COVID-19 while in the grocery store, the biggest threat that anyone faces is someone else in the store who has the virus, he said.



    “I would suggest that you keep your grocery bags in the car, so you have them handy the next time you go shopping," he said. "If you’re concerned that your bags might have coronavirus on them, you can wash them. You should also wash your hands after you have finished putting all your groceries away. This was good advice even before the pandemic.”

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