Dealing with your crypto income and reporting them on your tax return: A Guide

In recent years, thanks to the meteoric rise of the cryptocurrencies in between 2020 and 2021, the world has increasingly seen popularization of digital coins like Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Litecoin. In this guide, we will look at how to report Bitcoin on your taxes in accordance with IRS regulations.

Understanding Cryptocurrency Taxes

First and foremost, it is important to clarify what we mean by cryptocurrency taxes. Since the IRS views cryptocurrencies as property, capital gains tax is due when they are sold or traded for other assets, similar to how real estate or equities are taxed when sold. For instance, buying Bitcoin worth $10,000 and later selling it for $50,000mean that you made $40,000 in capital gains. The IRS will tax this at the capital gains rate of 20%.

Tax Reporting for Cryptocurrencies

In order to report your cryptocurrency transactions accurately on your tax return, there are a few steps you need to follow.

Maintain Accurate Records

Always maintain proper records of your crypto assets transactions, including the cost basis (i.e., the price you paid for the cryptocurrency), the fair market value at the time you bought it, and any costs associated with trading the crypto coin. If you receive any mining or staking rewards, you should also keep track of their fair market value at the time of receipt.

Calculate Your Gains and Losses

To report your cryptocurrency transactions on your tax return, you must determine your gains and losses for the year. For example, if you bought one Bitcoin for $10,000 and later sold it for $50,000, your profit would be $40,000. However, if you bought one Bitcoin for $50,000 and later sold it for $10,000, your loss would be $40,000.

Fill Out Your Tax Return

If you used cryptocurrency to pay for any goods or services, you must also include the fair market value of the cryptocurrency as income on your tax return, which should be listed under Other Income on Schedule 1 of Form 1040.

Keep in Mind Foreign Accounts

If you keep your cryptocurrency in a foreign exchange or account, you may also be required to report it on your tax return. The IRS requires taxpayers to report foreign assets and accounts if they exceed certain limits.

IRS Tax Rules for Cryptocurrency

The IRS has released several recommendations for reporting cryptocurrencies on your taxes. Here are some important points to keep in mind:
  • In the eyes of the IRS, your crypto assets are considered property and are subject to capital gains tax.
  • The IRS has tax for any income that resulted from mining or staking your crypto assets and must be reported on your tax return.
  • If you used your crypto asset to pay for any goods or services you must report this on your tax return at the coin’s fair market value.


Filing a Bitcoin tax return can be a daunting task, but it is essential to understand the IRS reporting requirements and maintain accurate records of all cryptocurrency transactions. Failure to properly disclose cryptocurrency on your taxes can result in fines and potential tax audits. You must always get in touch with an expert CPA to accurately find your income from cryptocurrency. By being aware of the requirements and taking the necessary steps to accurately report your cryptocurrency transactions, you can avoid potential legal and financial repercussions and ensure compliance with the IRS tax agency.

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