Top Programming Languages Of The Future

Top Programming Languages Of The Future

One of the most important skills for today is the ability to write a program. After all, computer technology is everywhere, from factories and vehicles to household appliances. 

They greatly simplified our lives. And now we will analyze the popular programming languages ​​for study by a beginner, or already a programmer with experience. Some of them are simple, others are more complicated, but learning and knowledge of a programming language from this list will help you in finding a job.


Have you already decided what and what will you code? If not, then our selection of promising programming languages ​​will come in handy.

Learning a new (or even the first!) Language is not an easy task, so you need to choose wisely. Which one is worth the effort? Which will reward you for your efforts in demand, career success, and high salary? For you, we have selected some best programming languages of the future.

Python

The fast, friendly, easy to deploy, and use Python programming language has undoubtedly earned first place. This is a powerful scripting language with a dizzying amount of modules and libraries. It seems that he can do absolutely everything, and if he still does not, then you will teach him quickly and painlessly.

A huge number of start-ups are growing in Python's growing environment. Giants such as YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, SurveyMonkey are written on it.

Difficulty: Low. The best language for beginner programmers.

Prospects: Huge. Having become friends with Python, you will not be left without work.

Advantages:


  • very simple code;
  • the possibility of asynchronous coding (alternating execution of processing cycles);
  • supports most libraries;
  • free;
  • open source
  • object-oriented.
Disadvantages:
  • Despite the simplified way of writing code, many processes take quite a while;
  • It requires many tests to completely eliminate errors.
  • Weak for programming mobile application.





Java


Stable and reinforced concrete reliable Java is in second place in our rating. This is the language of business and corporate applications, so if you want to work in a large company, bet on this PL.

In addition, Java is extremely popular in the mobile field. Want to work with billions of Android users? Learn the Java programming language. There is even a great Android Studio platform.

Difficulty: moderate. Suitable for beginner programmers.

Prospects: huge.

Advantages:

  • object-oriented programming;
  • readable and easily controlled language;
  • does not require specific hardware infrastructure;
  • good level of security;
  • stability;
  • automatic memory management.
Disadvantages:

  • non-standard appearance, which you need to get used to for a long time;
  • consumes a lot of memory and reduces hardware performance;
  • difficult to learn.
  • the limited set of critical delay;
  • does not support general programming, which increases the amount of work when writing code;
  • no backup option;
  • slow.


C/C++

Forever young C / C ++ are at the core of virtually all low-level systems. Despite their considerable age, these languages ​​are in demand and promising, unless, of course, you learn to handle them.

Learning C ++ or C programming is not easy, but it's worth it. An extensive standard library, speed, stability, and reputation of a hardcore programmer - these are the weapons you will get in your hands in exchange for your time and efforts.

Difficulty: high.


Prospects: significant.


JavaScript

Whatever you think about it, JavaScript is the # 1 language on the Internet, and sooner or later you will have to face it. Maybe you should not delay it?

Innumerable JavaScript frameworks and convenient libraries (Angular, React, jQuery, Vue) have made it even more popular, but the language is capable of much by itself. In fact, JavaScript takes all the actions on the client-side, allows you to control the interface, and significantly relieves the server.

On the other side of the barricades, the language also broke - take a look at the Node.js server platform and its many modules.

Difficulty: low. Great for beginners.


Prospects: huge.

Advantages:


  • high speed due to the ability to run through the browser on the client-side;
  • easy to learn;
  • goes well with other languages;
  • the ability to create a rich interface;
  • annual updates.
Disadvantages:
  • since the code is executed on the client-side, this somewhat reduces the security of the user's computer;

  • scripts may run differently depending on the browser.

TypeScript

As the popularity of Javascript and its use by large companies, the process of simplifying the writing of code and its maintenance becomes more difficult. 

For this reason, Microsoft developed Typescript, which extends the capabilities of JS. Additionally, applications written in Typescript can be compiled in Javascript. 

The modern and powerful Angular framework just requires understanding and learning TypeScript. If you decide to enter the front-end, typescript will be very useful for you.

Advantages:




  • a full description of each component of the code, which eliminates the likelihood of a malfunction of one element when changing another;
  • requires fewer tests due to its special architecture;
  • advanced toolkit;
  • the ability to configure so that the erroneous code fails to commit.
Disadvantages:

  • For the integration of libraries, it is necessary to describe each module so that there are no errors during compilation;
  • Few specialties;
  • The code is written longer than in JS.

Golang

Golang, aka Go, is one of the youngest programming languages, but he is in demand and very ambitious. Silicon Valley startups love Go. If you start learning a language now, then you have every chance to rise on the wave of its popularity and success.

The excellent multithreading support in Go makes it easy to work with distributed systems.

Difficulty: high.

Prospects: significant.

R

R is one of the most popular programming languages ​​in the field of data analysis and machine learning. It has great power and huge statistical capabilities, it allows you to conveniently work with large volumes of information.

R is a great choice for data analysts and data scientists.

Difficulty: moderate.

Prospects: great.


Swift

Not a single Android - iOS also owns a huge segment of the mobile market. And to develop for iOS, you need Swift.

Difficulty: moderate.

Prospects: great.

PHP


Did you not expect to see the PHP language here? But in vain. He did not die at all, as it seemed, and he cannot be ignored. More than half of the Internet sites are built on it, including the sites of large companies, and new ones are constantly being created. Existing resources require support, new ones require development. The field for activity is simply huge.

Difficulty: low. Suitable for beginner programmers.

Prospects: huge.

Advantages:

  • low threshold of knowledge to get started;
  • large ecosystem;
  • huge community;
  • upscale debugging.
Disadvantages:


  • interpreted language: requires more resources and slows down code execution;
  • multithreaded execution (requires a lot of memory, but it is always limited);
  • requires changing the configuration file to install extensions.


WITH#

Another sought-after member of the C-family that can bring you success in 2019. The C # language is the main language of the .NET platform; you can write anything on it: from small desktop programs to huge web services. Especially common is the use of C # in game dev.

Difficulty: moderate.

Prospects: significant.

Kotlin

The Kotlin language is the youngest among the ten programming languages ​​(the release was in 2016), but its prospects look very tempting. It is simple, concise, can be compiled into JavaScript, and confidently crowds out Java - the queen of the Android world. Perhaps Kotlin will turn out to be the main language of 2019.

Difficulty: moderate.


Prospects: significant.


C#

When compiling such a list, it is impossible to ignore C #. This language is used to create any platform. If you wish, you can create applications for Android or iOS using only C #.

If this is not enough for you, then you can also use C # to develop Linux and Mac applications. In fact, with this language, you can work on almost any platform.

Of course, C # is a language that can be used for a variety of purposes. If you care about how competitive it is, then we can assure you: it is used everywhere. It is also worth considering that this language is quite easy to learn.

The only thing that undoubtedly should be considered before studying it is its growing complexity. Like any other language, C # is evolving. 

It acquires an increasing number of specific functions and capabilities. Such improvements, of course, cannot but please programmers who have been working with this language for a sufficient amount of time. However, this same fact can scare away newcomers who are afraid of its ramified system.

Rust

This language is not as popular as the others on this list. So why is this language still among the many much more famous and used brothers?

The reason for this is extremely simple: developers love Rust. Although this language has a small market and a very small number of companies use it, however, if developers mark this language and choose it among many other lesser-known and popular ones, is that not enough reason to take a closer look at it?

In fact, despite a sufficient number of technical features, Rust is an extremely pleasant language to work with. And if you are thinking about learning and moving to a new programming language, then Rust will be a great choice.


Jolt

When XML was the big data format, the best tool for working with it was the functional XSLT language. XML is now losing ground to JSON, and XSLT has been replaced by Jolt. You can write simple filters and group big data without any problems, and for more complex tasks there are more complex languages.


How to change the future: maybe not for long, but in the near future Jolt will be in demand among everyone who deals with big data.


Scala

As you probably already noticed, periodically visiting our blog, the IT world just went crazy on the ideas of functional programming (FP). 

Here, as the name implies, you need to work not with specific value values ​​and variables, but with functions that describe them. Scala in this respect is one of the leaders of the movement. Compiled in the JVM, it can work where Java is used, that is, almost everywhere.

For all this, it cannot be said that Scala is beyond understanding by simple minds. If you get rid of the stereotypes of imperative programming, then studying FP in Scala will not cause you any difficulties.

How to change the future: it will convey FP to the masses, eventually partially replacing Java.

Haskell

But Scala is not the only one rich in the world of FP. If the previous language was the most popular in its field, then Haskell can be safely attributed to the most favorite. Little by little, many large companies that require work with huge amounts of data (of the latter, Facebook) pay attention to it. Haskell is more compact, visually clearer than Scala, so if there is no change in landmarks, it will certainly find its place in the future.

How the future will change: the duel is announced, so let's get ready to rumble.

Cuda

Not every IT specialist (what to speak about mere mortals) represents how many video cards we have to solve problems when we just play a banal shooter or watch a movie in good quality. 

Nvidia has developed the CUDA language, which helps to use resources more efficiently since, in essence, it is a simplified C language that allows you to work with parallel computing.

In addition, relatively recently, everyone can get access to the GPU architecture, which means the use of CUDA is gradually beyond the scope of the Nvidia office.

How to change the future: squeeze even more out of your old video card? Easily.

Arduino

According to all forecasts, the future of IT is invariably associated with IoT, which means that the languages ​​used to organize it will have a huge impact. 

The most obvious choice is the Arduino. And yes, one can object again that this is not a language, but just a beautifully wrapped C / C ++. 

But the fact is that if Arduino continues its development, if developers with its help can quickly and efficiently create a smart electronic network, then it will become completely unimportant what is behind it.

How the future will change: the name of houses and premises stuffed with gadgets and sensors will go to the same place where the concept of “European-quality repair” is stored.

MATLAB

When MATLAB was just starting its life course, it was perceived as a hardcore language for scientists and mathematicians. Today it is taught at universities and is used to solve almost any problem requiring the analysis of a large amount of data and their visualization. 

The language and the included software have been tested in a wide range of activities, and so far no significant deficiencies have been found. So the future without MATLAB is hard to imagine.

How the future will change: a fast, stable and extremely versatile language for solving mathematical problems will become an affordable norm for any large self-respecting company.

CoffeeScript

Another representative who is on the periphery between the concepts of “language” and “beautiful shell”. Indeed, the second does not make sense to deny, because, by and large, the main task of CoffeeScript is to unload your eyes and hands from the numerous brackets used in JavaScript. 

And since there are not so many fundamental differences, why not change places over time so that JS is remembered only as of the language into which it compiles from CoffeeScript?

How to change the future: it will replace JavaScript in the hearts of developers, leaving only clean code.

D

For a huge number of programmers in the world, there is nothing better than the C language: minimal syntax, complete immersion in the ongoing CPU processes, as a result, a minimum of errors. 

But even these people deep down desire new opportunities that will not spoil their picture of the world. Well, the D language performs just such a function, incorporating all the best from C and C ++, adding a number of add-ons, such as memory management, a large set of data types, the ability to write functional and parallel code.

How to change the future: will begin the hunt for dinosaurs.

Less.Js

Less.js is similar to the CoffeeScript brother from the CSS world - it also allows you to develop complex files without spending a lot of time. 

Now you can use loops, variables, and other software constructs and, as a result, that rare case when the add-in is essentially more powerful than the base.

How the future will change: just imagine that preparing for a customer 5-6 color solutions for a site can be done by spending only a minute more time than one.

Elm

Unfortunately, Elm showed rather depressing results. Firstly, in 3 years only 2 releases were released, and the last at the moment - 0.19 turned out to be so controversial that it even led to some split in the community. 

And for more than a year new versions have not been released, although work in the repository is quite active. At the same time, Evan Chaplitski (author of the language) made it clear 2 years ago that there was no intelligible roadmap and never would be. 

In this scenario, Elm remains a purely experimental language with a now dubious future. Although there are people who still look at Elm with optimism. 

Conclusion:

Finally, I want to draw a little of your attention to little-known, but rapidly developing programming languages. They have great prospects to enter the top 10. Among them are Kotlin and Go.

Future programming language


So far, they have not gained much popularity due to the relative novelty and traditional approach of companies to application development. However, the appearance of TypeScript in the top suggests that interest in new methods is growing. Therefore, follow these languages ​​and study their features at your leisure.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQS)



Q. What programming language to teach a beginner?

A. We recommend learning a simple programming language, and gradually move on to more complex ones. For example, you can start with Python for both web development and desktop applications.

Q. How long does it take to become a programmer?

A. The ability to learn programming languages ​​depends on analytical data, and your determination. On average, learning a programming language takes 3-6 months, with its practice and visual application.

Q. How to quickly become a programmer?

A. The surest way is theory and practice. As soon as you read something, or learned in the courses, immediately try to apply it on real Tasks. Read the blog and targeted articles to learn best practices.

Q. What are the programming languages ​​for creating games?

A. First of all, it is C, C ++, C #. Of course Java, Python, and Obj-C.

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